Tamil Nadu and its capital are struggling to fulfill the water demand of its residents. The town is dealing with drought for the third yr in a row.
With few indicators of rain throughout the state and reservoirs working dry, water scarcity in Chennai is at its peak. Demand for water within the metropolis has gone up by 47 per cent within the final decade from from 750 MLD in 2008 to 1,100 MLD in 2018. In the identical interval metro water provide has come down by eight per cent from 650 MLD to 600 MLD. Towards a complete of 11,257mcft capability, the 4 reservoirs supplying water to Chennai have lower than 35mcft water left in retailer.
Whereas town has been increasing, the variety of reservoirs in Chennai have remained similar for the previous 100 years. By way of water consumption, Chennai’s per capita consumption at 107 liters per capita per day is low in comparison with 140-270 per capita per day in different cities.
In 2018, rainfall in Chennai had been on the lowest at 75.55 centimeter as in opposition to 149.5 centimeter in 2017. The town has seen the longest dry spell in a decade this yr, with no rains for over 190 days since final north east monsoon interval.
Varied industries are taking measures to mitigate this disaster and reduce down water utilization. As an illustration, corporations within the the IT-hub of Previous Mahabalipuram Highway (OMR) have began asking their staff to make money working from home. In response to reviews over 60 per cent of the day by day three crore litre water distributed in OMR is utilized by IT corporations.
Main corporations within the IT-hub of Previous Mahabalipuram Highway (OMR) are taking numerous measures to manage water utilization, together with controlling the water movement from the faucets and decreasing the variety of bathrooms. In an try and preserve water of their premises, IT corporations have taken measures to scale back the movement of water in washbasin faucets. If there have been 5 bathrooms in an workplace or a ground earlier, it has been lowered to 2 with the intention to cut back utilization of water, sources within the know stated.
“A minimum of 20 per cent of the employees are requested to make money working from home in a few of the small and medium corporations. The issue for the staff is that there is likely to be scarcity of water of their residence additionally and staying at house longer would imply extra water consumption at house,” stated Vinod AJ, common secretary, Discussion board for IT Staff. He added that a few of the corporations have put a halt on the recruitment course of in the intervening time. They hope that if IT corporations can collectively characterize water woes to the federal government, some motion could possibly be taken mitigate the issue.
The regional officers from Nasscom didn’t touch upon the scenario and a response is awaited from its central workplace.
Actual property builders have stopped building work in main elements of town because of water disaster. Accommodations have reduce down the variety of working hours and stated they won’t present thali (meals) because it makes use of up extra water. For a 100 seat restaurant, 12,000 litres of water is used up day-after-day, stated M. Ravi, president of the Chennai Lodge Homeowners’ Affiliation.
Residents from prime localities like Triplicane, Alwarpet and Mylapore have began shifting properties seeking water.
Hyundai Motor stated that the prevailing water scarcity scenario in Chennai has impacted them as effectively. Over time, the car producer has implented water administration practices on the manufacturing unit in a bid to preserve water. They’ve put in a rainwater harvesting system which collects rainwater from the manufacturing unit premises right into a storage pond. A lot of the harvested water is recycled by the in-house water remedy plant.
For its prospects “dry wash” automobile cleansing service has been introduced again within the service stations, in order that prospects can get their vehicles cleaned by an eco-friendly course of which might save as much as 120 litres of water for every automobile.
Steps taken by the federal government
The Madras Excessive Courtroom has requested Tamil Nadu authorities to submit a report on measures it has taken to make sure water availability in Chennai.
Chennai Metropolitan Water Provide and Sewerage Board (CMWSSB) officers stated they’re totally depending on various sources like water from desalination vegetation and stone quarries in Kanchipuram district, which might be additionally drying up quick.
Harmander Singh, Secretary to the Authorities within the Municipal Administration and Water Provide Division stated his Division is figuring out new sources of waters.
“We’re exploring all choices, together with cloud seeding. We’re additionally speaking to producers for designing a know-how which might produce water from humidity”, he stated.
The ruling AIADMK, which is dealing with the warmth of water disaster, referred to as for all-party meet to debate in regards to the problem. The state administration has sought an help of round Rs 5,398 crore from the centre to deal with the water disaster in its capital and the state.